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"Dr. YAP"
Eye Hospital

Sub Specialty Services / Pediatric Ophthalmology

Pediatric Ophthalmology

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Pediatric Ophthalmology

Pediatric ophthalmology or pediatric ophthalmology is a sub-specialty of ophthalmology concerned with eye disease, visual development and vision care in children. Children experience a variety of eye problems, many of which are different from adult eye diseases. Pediatric ophthalmologists are specially trained to treat the following disorders:

1. Infection (Conjunctivitis)

2. Strabismusis an eye misalignment that affects 2-4% of the population, it is often associated with amblyopia. This inward looking gaze commonly referred to as "crossed eyes" is an example of strabismus. The term strabismus applies to other types of misalignments, including the eye turning up, down, or out.

3. Amblyopia (aka lazy eye) occurs when the vision of one eye is significantly better than that of the other, and the brain begins to rely on the better eye and ignores the weaker eye. Amblyopia affects 4% of the population and is clinically diagnosed when the refractive error of one eye is more than 1.5 diopters different from the other (anisometropia) or one eye is misaligned for a long period of time (strabismus). The treatment of amblyopia involves correcting significant refractive errors and using techniques that encourage the brain to pay attention to the weaker eye such as patching the stronger eye (occlusion therapy).

4. Blocked tear ducts

5. Ptosis

6. Retinopathy of prematurity

7. Nystagmus

8. Lack of visual attention

9. Children's cataracts

10. Child glaucoma

11. Abnormal vision development

12. Genetic disorders often causes eye problems in affected children. Since about 30% of genetic syndromes affect the eyes, an examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist can help diagnose genetic conditions. Many pediatric ophthalmologists participate with the multidisciplinary medical team that treats children with genetic syndromes.

13. Congenital malformation Those affecting vision or the tear drainage system can be evaluated and possibly corrected surgically by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

14. Orbital tumors

15. Refractive error such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (nearsightedness) and astigmatism can often be corrected with a prescription for glasses or contact lenses.

16. Accommodative insufficiency

17. Insufficient convergence and asthenopia

18. Evaluation of visual problems in education, including dyslexia and attention deficit disorder


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